24 outubro 2007

Africa do Sul adopta ODF como standard na Administração Pública

Africa do Sul adopta ODF como Norma de Interoperabilidade na Administração Pública

A adopção está detalhado no seguinte documento:
MINIMUM INTEROPERABILITY STANDARDS (MIOS) for Information Systems in Government

A parte respeitante ao Open DocumentFormat está contido na parte do acesso à informação:
2.9 Standards and Specifications for Information Access
"2.9.2 As such, the essential minimal level of information required to be accessed and viewed by the citizen should either be conveyed or be
capable of being converted using personalization technologies, e.g. transcoders, through the use of the basic standards in Table 3:"

Working Office Document formats (word-processing, spreadsheet, presentation)

- UTF-8/ASCII Formatted Text [IETF]
- Open Document Format (ODF) v1.0 (ISO26300) and later Oasis versions [OASIS/ISO]
- Comma-Separated Values (CSV) [IETF]

No documento há uma definição completa do que são Normas Abertas:

2.3 Open Standards
2.3.1 There are number of definitions of open standards which emphasise different aspects of openness, including of the resultingspecification, the openness of the drafting process, and the ownership of rights in the standard. The list below contains frequently cited indicators of the openness of a standard. For the purposes of the MIOS, a standard shall be considered open if it meets all of these criteria. There are standards which we are obliged to adopt for pragmatic reasons which donot necessarily fully conform to being open in all respects. In such cases, where an open standard does not yet exist, the degree of openness will betaken into account when selecting an appropriate standard:
· it should be maintained by a non-commercial organization
· participation in the ongoing development work is based on decisionmaking processes that are open to all interested parties.
· open access: all may access committee documents, drafts and completed standards free of cost or for a negligible fee.
· It must be possible for everyone to copy, distribute and use the standard free of cost.
· The intellectual rights required to implement the standard (e.g.essential patent claims) are irrevocably available, without any royalties attached.
· There are no reservations regarding reuse of the standard.
· There are multiple implementations of the standard

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